Rotasiani Kefala located in Rotasi (Asfentilia Hill) was probably the acropolis of ancient Rytio, an ancient city of central Crete during the Archaic - Hellenistic Period. Ancient tombs of various types dating from the Geometric art period (10th-8th centuries B.C.) to the Roman era have been found around the hill and lower in the valley.
The Geometric domed tomb excavated by N. Platon was a great discovery, as it had received more than 40 burials, and yielded an large number of vessels, as well as a sarcophagus and many iron weapons, pins, brooches, silver hairpins and one gold hairpin, and golden rings and foils of gold used to decorate the clothes of the dead. Part of the finds is exhibited at the Archaeological Museum of Heraklion. There are also noteworthy finds from Minoan times, such as the bronze tool and weapon hoard, found at Asprolivada location, in an area where a Minoan hamlet was discovered, as well as a number of impressive stone vessels made from serpentine at Livadeitis location. Part of a Roman settlement has been escavated at the ‘Kserokampos’ location. A Geometric cemetery has been discovered at ‘Ampasos’ and ‘Farmakara’,